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caution和precaution

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yunzhongfeng1 发表于 2012-9-4 10:39:00 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
他没有采取适当的预防措施。 × He did not take proper caution. √ He did not take proper precautions. 解析: caution和precaution词形相似,但caution表示“谨慎”,“小心”[taking care, paying attention],是不可数名词,常与动词use或exercise搭配;而precaution表示“预防措施”[a measure taken in advance to avoid danger or failure],是可数名词,常与动词take搭配。 举例: 1. Use caution in crossing streets. 横穿马路时要当心。 2. Take every caution in dealing with these chemicals. 处理这些化学药品时,要格外小心。 3. Precautions will be taken to guard against the recurrence of such incidents. 将采取预防措施以免这类事件重演。 4. We have taken all the precautions we can against the painting being stolen. 我们已采取了一切可能采取的预防措施防止这幅油画被盗。
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